Cincinnati, OH-KY-IN

Metropolitan Statistical Area (MSA)

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2022 Population
2.25M
0.41% 1-year growth
2022 Median Age
38.2
0.526% 1-year increase
2022 Poverty Rate
11.6%
0.178% 1-year decrease
2022 Median Household Income
$76,247
8.45% 1-year growth
2022 Median Property Value
$220,900
18.1% 1-year growth
2022 Employed Population
1.12M
0.716% 1-year growth

About

In 2022, Cincinnati, OH-KY-IN had a population of 2.25M people with a median age of 38.2 and a median household income of $76,247. Between 2021 and 2022 the population of Cincinnati, OH-KY-IN grew from 2.24M to 2.25M, a 0.41% increase and its median household income grew from $70,308 to $76,247, a 8.45% increase.

The 5 largest ethnic groups in Cincinnati, OH-KY-IN are White (Non-Hispanic) (77.8%), Black or African American (Non-Hispanic) (11.9%), Two+ (Non-Hispanic) (3.46%), Asian (Non-Hispanic) (2.82%), and White (Hispanic) (1.51%).

None of the households in Cincinnati, OH-KY-IN reported speaking a non-English language at home as their primary shared language. This does not consider the potential multi-lingual nature of households, but only the primary self-reported language spoken by all members of the household.

97.2% of the residents in Cincinnati, OH-KY-IN are U.S. citizens.

The largest universities in Cincinnati, OH-KY-IN are University of Cincinnati-Main Campus (12,161 degrees awarded in 2022), Miami University-Oxford (5,724 degrees), and Northern Kentucky University (3,792 degrees).

In 2022, the median property value in Cincinnati, OH-KY-IN was $220,900, and the homeownership rate was 67.9%.

Most people in Cincinnati, OH-KY-IN drove alone to work, and the average commute time was 25.1 minutes. The average car ownership in Cincinnati, OH-KY-IN was 2 cars per household.

About the photo: The Robeling Bridge in Cincinnati, Ohio

Population & Diversity

Cincinnati, OH-KY-IN is home to a population of 2.25M people, from which 97.2% are citizens. As of 2022, 5.11% of Cincinnati, OH-KY-IN residents were born outside of the country (115k people).

In 2022, there were 6.55 times more White (Non-Hispanic) residents (1.75M people) in Cincinnati, OH-KY-IN than any other race or ethnicity. There were 268k Black or African American (Non-Hispanic) and 78k Two+ (Non-Hispanic) residents, the second and third most common ethnic groups.

Citizenship

97.2%
2022 Citizenship
97.2%
2021 Citizenship

As of 2022, 97.2% of Cincinnati, OH-KY-IN residents were US citizens, which is higher than the national average of 93.5%. In 2021, the percentage of US citizens in Cincinnati, OH-KY-IN was 97.2%, meaning that the rate of citizenship has been decreasing.

The following chart shows US citizenship percentages in Cincinnati, OH-KY-IN compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Race and Ethnicity

The 3 largest ethnic groups in Cincinnati, OH-KY-IN
  1. White (Non-Hispanic)
    1.75M ± 1.97k
  2. Black or African American (Non-Hispanic)
    268k ± 2.71k
  3. Two+ (Non-Hispanic)
    78k ± 3.63k
3.6%
Hispanic Population
81.1k people

In 2022, there were 6.55 times more White (Non-Hispanic) residents (1.75M people) in Cincinnati, OH-KY-IN than any other race or ethnicity. There were 268k Black or African American (Non-Hispanic) and 78k Two+ (Non-Hispanic) residents, the second and third most common ethnic groups.

3.6% of the people in Cincinnati, OH-KY-IN are hispanic (81.1k people).

The following chart shows the 7 races represented in Cincinnati, OH-KY-IN as a share of the total population.

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Global Diversity

The PUMS dataset is not available at the MSA level, so we are showing data for Ohio, Kentucky, and Indiana.
Most Common Origin
  1. Mexico
    173,234 ± 16,995 people
  2. India
    113,751 ± 13,621 people
  3. China
    60,592 ± 10,031 people

In 2022, the most common birthplace for the foreign-born residents of Ohio, Kentucky, and Indiana was Mexico, the natal country of 173,234 Ohio, Kentucky, and Indiana residents, followed by India with 113,751 and China with 60,592.

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Foreign-Born Population

5.11%
2022 Foreign-Born Population
115k people
5.12%
2021 Foreign-Born Population
115k people

As of 2022, 5.11% of Cincinnati, OH-KY-IN residents (115k people) were born outside of the United States, which is lower than the national average of 13.6%. In 2021, the percentage of foreign-born citizens in Cincinnati, OH-KY-IN was 5.12%, meaning that the rate has been decreasing.

The following chart shows the percentage of foreign-born residents in Cincinnati, OH-KY-IN compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Veterans

Most Common Service Period
  1. Vietnam
    37,819 ± 1,685
  2. Gulf War (2001-)
    20,383 ± 1,002
  3. Gulf War (1990s)
    16,917 ± 1,293

Cincinnati, OH-KY-IN has a large population of military personnel who served in Vietnam, 1.86 times greater than any other conflict.

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Economy

The economy of Cincinnati, OH-KY-IN employs 1.12M people. The largest industries in Cincinnati, OH-KY-IN are Health Care & Social Assistance (167,049 people), Manufacturing (156,714 people), and Retail Trade (124,745 people), and the highest paying industries are Professional, Scientific, & Technical Services ($74,600), Utilities ($74,334), and Mining, Quarrying, & Oil & Gas Extraction ($73,625).

Males in Ohio have an average income that is 1.32 times higher than the average income of females, which is $57,975. The income inequality in Ohio (measured using the Gini index) is 0.456, which is lower than than the national average.

Occupations

1.12M
2022 Value
± 8,602
0.716%
1 Year growth
± 1.09%

From 2021 to 2022, employment in Cincinnati, OH-KY-IN grew at a rate of 0.716%, from 1.12M employees to 1.12M employees.

The most common job groups, by number of people living in Cincinnati, OH-KY-IN, are Management Occupations (127,953 people), Office & Administrative Support Occupations (127,688 people), and Sales & Related Occupations (107,732 people). This chart illustrates the share breakdown of the primary jobs held by residents of Cincinnati, OH-KY-IN.

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Unemployment Insurance Claims

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for false.

This chart shows weekly unemployment insurance claims in Ohio, Kentucky, and Indiana (not-seasonally adjusted) compared with the four states with the most similar impact.

The most recent data point uses Advance State Claims data, which can be revised in subsequent weeks.

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Employment by Industries

1.12M
2022 Value
± 8,602
0.716%
1 Year growth
± 1.09%

From 2021 to 2022, employment in Cincinnati, OH-KY-IN grew at a rate of 0.716%, from 1.12M employees to 1.12M employees.

The most common employment sectors for those who live in Cincinnati, OH-KY-IN, are Health Care & Social Assistance (167,049 people), Manufacturing (156,714 people), and Retail Trade (124,745 people). This chart shows the share breakdown of the primary industries for residents of Cincinnati, OH-KY-IN, though some of these residents may live in Cincinnati, OH-KY-IN and work somewhere else. Census data is tagged to a residential address, not a work address.

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Median Earnings by Industry

$55,796
Median earning men ± $594
$39,421
Median earning women ± $508

The industries with the best median earnings for men in 2022 are Finance & Insurance, & Real Estate & Rental & Leasing ($78,366), Public Administration ($74,430), and Professional, Scientific, & Management, & Administrative & Waste Management Services ($68,795).

The industries with the best median earnings for women in 2022 are Finance & Insurance, & Real Estate & Rental & Leasing ($54,444), Wholesale Trade ($53,341), and Public Administration ($53,069).

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Establishments by Size

The industries with the most establishments
  1. 18,073
    Educational Services, Health Care & Social Assistance
  2. 12,346
    Finance & Insurance, and Real Estate, Rental & Leasing
  3. 11,035
    Professional, Scientific & Management, and Administrative & Waste Management Services

The visualization shows the distribution of establishments by industry and by size according to the number of employees.

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Civics

In the 2020 presidential election, the popular vote in Ohio, Indiana, and Kentucky went to Donald J. Trump with 56% of the vote. The runner-up was Joseph R Biden Jr. (42.3%), followed by Jo Jorgensen (1.38%).

Sherrod Brown, J. D. Vance, Mitch McConnell, Rand Paul, Todd Young, and Mike Braun are the senators currently representing the state of Ohio, Kentucky, and Indiana. In the United States, senators are elected to 6-year terms with the terms for individual senators staggered.

Ohio, Kentucky, and Indiana is currently represented by 30 members in the U.S. house, and members of the House of Representives are elected to 2-year terms.

US Senators from Ohio, Kentucky, and Indiana

Senatorial voting results are only available at the state level. Showing data for Ohio, Kentucky, and Indiana.
Sherrod Brown
Senator from Ohio1
Assumed office on January 3, 2007
J. D. Vance
Senator from Ohio3
Assumed office on January 3, 2023
Mitch McConnell
Senator from Kentucky2
Assumed office on January 3, 1985
Rand Paul
Senator from Kentucky3
Assumed office on January 3, 2011
Todd Young
Senator from Indiana3
Assumed office on January 3, 2017
Mike Braun
Senator from Indiana1
Assumed office on January 3, 2019

Sherrod Brown, J. D. Vance, Mitch McConnell, Rand Paul, Todd Young, and Mike Braun are the senators currently representing Ohio, Kentucky, and Indiana.

In the United States, senators are elected to 6-year terms with the terms for individual senators staggered.

The following chart shows elected senators in Ohio, Kentucky, and Indiana over time, excluding special elections, colored by their political party.

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US Representatives from Ohio, Kentucky, and Indiana

Ohio, Kentucky, and Indiana is currently represented by 30 members in the U.S. house.

Members of the House of Representives are elected to 2-year terms, and the following chart shows the how the members for Ohio, Kentucky, and Indiana have changed over time starting in 2008.

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Education

In 2022, universities in Cincinnati, OH-KY-IN awarded 36,004 degrees. The student population of Cincinnati, OH-KY-IN in 2022 is skewed towards women, with 52,428 male students and 71,938 female students.

Most students graduating from Universities in Cincinnati, OH-KY-IN are White (25,833 and 75.2%), followed by Black or African American (3,266 and 9.51%), Hispanic or Latino (1,472 and 4.29%), and Asian (1,354 and 3.94%).

The largest universities in Cincinnati, OH-KY-IN by number of degrees awarded are University of Cincinnati-Main Campus (12,161 and 33.8%), Miami University-Oxford (5,724 and 15.9%), and Northern Kentucky University (3,792 and 10.5%).

The most popular majors in Cincinnati, OH-KY-IN are Registered Nursing (2,908 and 8.08%), General Business Administration & Management (1,678 and 4.66%), and General Psychology (939 and 2.61%).

The median tuition costs in Cincinnati, OH-KY-IN are $18,408 for private four year colleges, and $6,069 and $16,817 respectively, for public four year colleges for in-state students and out-of-state students.

Applicants, Admissions & Enrolled

University
Measure

In 2022 in Cincinnati, OH-KY-IN, the percentage of applicants admitted was 86%, while the percentage of admitted who enrolled was 19%. The number of students enrolled in 2022 was 124,366 (42.2% men and 57.8% women).

The line chart  shows the evolution of the percentage of applicants admitted, admitted who enrolled or the number of students enrolled according to the option selected in the upper button.

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Enrollments by Gender and Races

Universities

In 2022 there were 124,366 students enrolled in Cincinnati, OH-KY-IN, 42.2% men and 57.8% women.

By race, the largest number of students enrolled was concentrated in White with 87,032 records, of which 57.5% were women and 42.5% men.

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Concentrations

Most Common
  1. 1,451 degrees awarded
  2. 805 degrees awarded
  3. 778 degrees awarded

In 2022, the most common concentation for Bachelors Degree recipients in Cincinnati, OH-KY-IN was Registered Nursing with 1,451 degrees awarded.

This visualization illustrates the percentage of students graduating with a Bachelors Degree from schools in Cincinnati, OH-KY-IN according to their major.

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Universities

Gender
Race
Largest Universities by degrees awarded
  1. 12,161 degrees awarded
  2. 5,724 degrees awarded
  3. 3,792 degrees awarded

In 2022, the institution with the largest number of graduating students was University of Cincinnati-Main Campus with 12,161 degrees awarded.

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Student Diversity

University

In 2022, 14,938 men were awarded degrees from institutions in Cincinnati, OH-KY-IN, which is 0.709 times less than the 21,066 female students who received degrees in the same year.

In 2022 the most common race/ethnicity group awarded degrees at institutions was White students. These 25,833 degrees mean that there were 7.91 times more degrees awarded to White students then the next closest race/ethnicity group, Black or African American, with 3,266 degrees awarded.

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Awarded Degrees over Time

The graph shows the evolution of awarded degrees by degrees. Under the paragraphs, the average number of awarded degrees by university in each degree is shown.

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Average Net Price by Sector

Universities

Private not-for-profit, 4-year or above ($18,408) is the sector with the highest median state tuition in 2022.

Private not-for-profit, 4-year or above ($1,098) is the sector with the highest median state fee in 2022.

Private for-profit, 4-year or above ($2,000) is the sector with the highest average net price of books and supplies.

The graph shows the average net price by sector and year.

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Educational Pyramid

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Ohio, Kentucky, and Indiana.
Measure

In 2022, 0.765% of men over 25 years of age had not completed any academic degree (no schooling), while 0.727% of women were in the same situation.

This visualization shows the gender distribution of the population according to the academic level reached.

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Educational Attainment

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Ohio, Kentucky, and Indiana.
Race

The most common educational levels obtained by the working population in 2022 were High School or Equivalent (5.97M), Some college (3.87M), and Bachelors Degree (3.03M).

This visualization illustrates the percentage distribution of the population according to the highest educational level reached. You can filter the data by race by using the selector above.

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Housing & Living

The median property value in Cincinnati, OH-KY-IN was $220,900 in 2022, which is 0.784 times smaller than the national average of $281,900. Between 2021 and 2022 the median property value increased from $187,000 to $220,900, a 18.1% increase. The homeownership rate in Cincinnati, OH-KY-IN is 67.9%, which is approximately the same as the national average of 64.8%.

People in Cincinnati, OH-KY-IN have an average commute time of 25.1 minutes, and they drove alone to work. Car ownership in Cincinnati, OH-KY-IN is approximately the same as the national average, with an average of 2 cars per household.

Median household income in Cincinnati, OH-KY-IN is $76,247. In 2022, the county with the highest Median Household Income in Cincinnati, OH-KY-IN was Delaware County, OH with a value of $123,995, followed by Oldham County, KY and Hamilton County, IN, with respective values of $117,334 and $114,866.

Property

$220,900
Median Property Value 2022
±$1,709
$605,648
Median Property Taxes
±$5,889

The following chart display owner-occupied housing units distributed between a series of property tax buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Cincinnati, OH-KY-IN the largest share of households pay taxes in the $3k+ range.

The chart underneath the paragraph shows the property taxes in Cincinnati, OH-KY-IN compared to it's parent and neighbor geographies.

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Rent vs Own

67.9%
Homeownership
2022
63.4%
Homeowners with Mortgage
2022

In 2022, 67.9% of the housing units in Cincinnati, OH-KY-IN were occupied by their owner. This percentage grew from the previous year's rate of 67.5%.

This chart shows the percentage of owner in Cincinnati, OH-KY-IN compared it's parent and neighboring geographies.

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Income by Location

Use the dropdown to filter by race/ethnicity.
Race/Ethnicity
Highest Median Household Income (Total)

In 2022, the county with the highest Median Household Income (Total) in Cincinnati, OH-KY-IN was Delaware County, OH with a value of $123,995, followed by Oldham County, KY and Hamilton County, IN, with respective values of $117,334 and $114,866.

The following map shows all of the counties in Cincinnati, OH-KY-IN colored by their Median Household Income (Total).

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Household Income

Please note that the buckets used in this visualization were not evenly distributed by ACS when publishing the data.
$76,247
Median Household Income
± $696
892k
Number of Households
± 7,551

In 2022, the median household income of the 892k households in Cincinnati, OH-KY-IN grew to $76,247 from the previous year's value of $70,308.

The following chart displays the households in Cincinnati, OH-KY-IN distributed between a series of income buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households have an income in the $75k - $100k range.

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Wage Distribution

The closest comparable wage GINI for Cincinnati, OH-KY-IN is from Ohio, Kentucky, and Indiana.
0.456
2022 Wage GINI in Ohio
0.456
2021 Wage GINI in Ohio
0.452
2022 Wage GINI in Kentucky
0.453
2021 Wage GINI in Kentucky
0.448
2022 Wage GINI in Indiana
0.449
2021 Wage GINI in Indiana

In 2022, the income inequality in Ohio was 0.456 according to the GINI calculation of the wage distribution. Income inequality had a 0.0361% decline from 2021 to 2022, which means that wage distribution grew somewhat more even. The GINI for Ohio was lower than than the national average of 0.478. In other words, wages are distributed more evenly in Ohio in comparison to the national average.

In the same year, the income inequality in Kentucky was 0.452 and income inequality had a 0.286% decline from 2021 to 2022, which means that wage distribution grew somewhat more even. The GINI for Kentucky was lower than than the national average of 0.478, meaning wages are distributed more evenly in Kentucky in comparison to the national average.

The income inequality in Indiana was 0.448 and income inequality had a 0.283% decline from 2021 to 2022, which means that wage distribution grew somewhat more even. The GINI for Indiana was lower than than the national average of 0.478, meaning wages are distributed more evenly in Indiana in comparison to the national average.

This chart shows the number of workers in Ohio, Kentucky, and Indiana across various wage buckets compared to the national average.

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Commuter Transportation

Most Common Commute in 2022
  1. Drove Alone (76.8%)
  2. Worked At Home (11.2%)
  3. Carpooled (7.73%)

In 2022, 76.8% of workers in Cincinnati, OH-KY-IN drove alone to work, followed by those who worked at home (11.2%) and those who carpooled to work (7.73%).

The following chart shows the number of households using each mode of transportation over time, using a logarithmic scale on the y-axis to help better show variations in the smaller means of commuting.

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Commute Time

25.1 minutes
Average Travel Time

Using averages, employees in Cincinnati, OH-KY-IN have a shorter commute time (25.1 minutes) than the normal US worker (26.7 minutes). Additionally, 1.68% of the workforce in Cincinnati, OH-KY-IN have "super commutes" in excess of 90 minutes.

The chart below shows how the median household income in Cincinnati, OH-KY-IN compares to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Car Ownership

2 cars
Average Number

The following chart displays the households in Cincinnati, OH-KY-IN distributed between a series of car ownership buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households in Cincinnati, OH-KY-IN have 2 cars.

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Poverty & Diversity

11.6% of the population for whom poverty status is determined in Cincinnati, OH-KY-IN (255k out of 2.21M people) live below the poverty line, a number that is lower than the national average of 12.5%. The largest demographic living in poverty are Females 18 - 24, followed by Females 25 - 34 and then Males 18 - 24.

The most common racial or ethnic group living below the poverty line in Cincinnati, OH-KY-IN is White, followed by Black and Hispanic.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Health

94.6% of the population of Cincinnati, OH-KY-IN has health coverage, with 55.9% on employee plans, 14.9% on Medicaid, 12.6% on Medicare, 10% on non-group plans, and 1.11% on military or VA plans.

Primary care physicians in Ohio see 1291 patients per year on average, which represents a 0.921% decrease from the previous year (1303 patients). Compare this to dentists who see 1566 patients per year, and mental health providers who see 346 patients per year.

Similarly, primary care physicians in Kentucky see 1536 patients per year on average, which represents a 0.454% decrease from the previous year (1543 patients). Compare this to dentists who see 1519 patients per year, and mental health providers who see 388 patients per year.

Patient to Clinician Ratios

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Ohio, Kentucky, and Indiana.
1,291 to 1
Patient to Primary Care Physician Ratio in Ohio
1,536 to 1
Patient to Primary Care Physician Ratio in Kentucky
1,495 to 1
Patient to Primary Care Physician Ratio in Indiana

Primary care physicians in Ohio see an average of 1,291 patients per year. This represents a 0.921% decrease from the previous year (1,303 patients).

Primary care physicians in Kentucky see an average of 1,536 patients per year. This represents a 0.454% decrease from the previous year (1,543 patients).

Primary care physicians in Indiana see an average of 1,495 patients per year. This represents a 0.2% decrease from the previous year (1,498 patients).

The following chart shows how the number of patients seen by primary care physicians has been changing over time in Ohio, Kentucky, and Indiana in comparison to its neighboring geographies.

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Health Care Diversity

In 2022, insured persons according to age ranges were distributed in 24.8% under 18 years, 21.3% between 18 and 34 years, 38.4% between 35 and 64 years, and 15.5% over 64 years.

By gender, of the total number of insured persons, 48.7% were men and 51.3% were women.

The following chart shows the number of people with health coverage by gender.

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Uninsured People

5.41%
Uninsured
55.9%
Employer Coverage
14.9%
Medicaid
12.6%
Medicare
10%
Non-Group
1.11%
Military or VA

Between 2021 and 2022, the percent of uninsured citizens in Cincinnati, OH-KY-IN declined by 0.272% from 5.43% to 5.41%.

The following chart shows how the percent of uninsured individuals in Cincinnati, OH-KY-IN changed over time compared with the percent of individuals enrolled in various types of health insurance.

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