Union County, OH

County

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2022 Population
63,411
2.66% 1-year growth
US Senator
Sherrod Brown
Democratic Party
US Senator
J. D. Vance
Republican Party
2022 Median Age
38.4
0% 1-year change
2022 Poverty Rate
5.17%
9.68% 1-year increase
2022 Median Household Income
$104,496
8.14% 1-year growth
2022 Median Property Value
$282,900
16.7% 1-year growth

About

In 2022, Union County, OH had a population of 63.4k people with a median age of 38.4 and a median household income of $104,496. Between 2021 and 2022 the population of Union County, OH grew from 61,769 to 63,411, a 2.66% increase and its median household income grew from $96,634 to $104,496, a 8.14% increase.

The 5 largest ethnic groups in Union County, OH are White (Non-Hispanic) (87.3%), Asian (Non-Hispanic) (4.69%), Two+ (Non-Hispanic) (2.89%), Black or African American (Non-Hispanic) (2.49%), and Two+ (Hispanic) (1.14%).

None of the households in Union County, OH reported speaking a non-English language at home as their primary shared language. This does not consider the potential multi-lingual nature of households, but only the primary self-reported language spoken by all members of the household.

97.7% of the residents in Union County, OH are U.S. citizens.

In 2022, the median property value in Union County, OH was $282,900, and the homeownership rate was 80.4%.

Most people in Union County, OH drove alone to work, and the average commute time was 26.3 minutes. The average car ownership in Union County, OH was 2 cars per household.

Population & Diversity

Union County, OH is home to a population of 63.4k people, from which 97.7% are citizens. As of 2022, 5.14% of Union County, OH residents were born outside of the country (3.26k people).

In 2022, there were 18.6 times more White (Non-Hispanic) residents (55.3k people) in Union County, OH than any other race or ethnicity. There were 2.98k Asian (Non-Hispanic) and 1.83k Two+ (Non-Hispanic) residents, the second and third most common ethnic groups.

Citizenship

97.7%
2022 Citizenship
97.6%
2021 Citizenship

As of 2022, 97.7% of Union County, OH residents were US citizens, which is higher than the national average of 93.5%. In 2021, the percentage of US citizens in Union County, OH was 97.6%, meaning that the rate of citizenship has been increasing.

The following chart shows US citizenship percentages in Union County, OH compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Race and Ethnicity

The 3 largest ethnic groups in Union County, OH
  1. White (Non-Hispanic)
    55.3k ± 186
  2. Asian (Non-Hispanic)
    2.98k ± 202
  3. Two+ (Non-Hispanic)
    1.83k ± 329
2.28%
Hispanic Population
1.44k people

In 2022, there were 18.6 times more White (Non-Hispanic) residents (55.3k people) in Union County, OH than any other race or ethnicity. There were 2.98k Asian (Non-Hispanic) and 1.83k Two+ (Non-Hispanic) residents, the second and third most common ethnic groups.

2.28% of the people in Union County, OH are hispanic (1.44k people).

The following chart shows the 7 races represented in Union County, OH as a share of the total population.

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Foreign-Born Population

5.14%
2022 Foreign-Born Population
3.26k people
5.37%
2021 Foreign-Born Population
3.31k people

As of 2022, 5.14% of Union County, OH residents (3.26k people) were born outside of the United States, which is lower than the national average of 13.6%. In 2021, the percentage of foreign-born citizens in Union County, OH was 5.37%, meaning that the rate has been decreasing.

The following chart shows the percentage of foreign-born residents in Union County, OH compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Veterans

Most Common Service Period
  1. Vietnam
    1,019 ± 213
  2. Gulf War (2001-)
    771 ± 249
  3. Gulf War (1990s)
    476 ± 145

Union County, OH has a large population of military personnel who served in Vietnam, 1.32 times greater than any other conflict.

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Economy

The economy of Union County, OH employs 32.7k people. The largest industries in Union County, OH are Manufacturing (5,434 people), Health Care & Social Assistance (4,462 people), and Retail Trade (3,087 people), and the highest paying industries are Mining, Quarrying, & Oil & Gas Extraction ($250,001), Management of Companies & Enterprises ($149,185), and Professional, Scientific, & Technical Services ($99,654).

Occupations

32.7k
2022 Value
± 1,375
3.89%
1 Year growth
± 5.79%

From 2021 to 2022, employment in Union County, OH grew at a rate of 3.89%, from 31.5k employees to 32.7k employees.

The most common job groups, by number of people living in Union County, OH, are Management Occupations (4,028 people), Office & Administrative Support Occupations (3,942 people), and Sales & Related Occupations (2,599 people). This chart illustrates the share breakdown of the primary jobs held by residents of Union County, OH.

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Unemployment Insurance Claims

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for false.

This chart shows weekly unemployment insurance claims in Ohio (not-seasonally adjusted) compared with the four states with the most similar impact.

The most recent data point uses Advance State Claims data, which can be revised in subsequent weeks.

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Employment by Industries

32.7k
2022 Value
± 1,375
3.89%
1 Year growth
± 5.79%

From 2021 to 2022, employment in Union County, OH grew at a rate of 3.89%, from 31.5k employees to 32.7k employees.

The most common employment sectors for those who live in Union County, OH, are Manufacturing (5,434 people), Health Care & Social Assistance (4,462 people), and Retail Trade (3,087 people). This chart shows the share breakdown of the primary industries for residents of Union County, OH, though some of these residents may live in Union County, OH and work somewhere else. Census data is tagged to a residential address, not a work address.

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Median Earnings by Industry

$68,224
Median earning men ± $2,350
$46,517
Median earning women ± $2,705

The industries with the best median earnings for men in 2022 are Finance & Insurance, & Real Estate & Rental & Leasing ($101,607), Professional, Scientific, & Management, & Administrative & Waste Management Services ($100,109), and Manufacturing ($77,700).

The industries with the best median earnings for women in 2022 are Wholesale Trade ($75,303), Finance & Insurance, & Real Estate & Rental & Leasing ($68,167), and Public Administration ($53,464).

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Employment by Industry Sector

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Ohio.
Y-Axis
1.48%
Year-over-year growth
Employment change between February 2022 and February 2023

As of February 2023, there are 5.51M people employed in Ohio. This represents a 1.48% increase in employment when compared to February 2022.

Right after the beginning of the COVID-19 pandemic, during April 2020, a general dip can be seen across industry sectors, resulting in an overall decline in employment by 15.4%.

The following chart shows monthly employment numbers for each industry sector in Ohio.

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Establishments by Size

The industries with the most establishments
  1. 319
    Professional, Scientific & Management, and Administrative & Waste Management Services
  2. 301
    Educational Services, Health Care & Social Assistance
  3. 236
    Finance & Insurance, and Real Estate, Rental & Leasing

The visualization shows the distribution of establishments by industry and by size according to the number of employees.

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Civics

In the 2020 presidential election, the popular vote in Union County, OH went to Donald J. Trump with 64.8% of the vote. The runner-up was Joseph R Biden Jr. (33.3%), followed by Jo Jorgensen (1.6%).

Sherrod Brown and J. D. Vance are the senators currently representing the state of Ohio. In the United States, senators are elected to 6-year terms with the terms for individual senators staggered.

Ohio is currently represented by 15 members in the U.S. house, and members of the House of Representives are elected to 2-year terms.

US Senators from Ohio

Senatorial voting results are only available at the state level. Showing data for Ohio.
Sherrod Brown
Senator from Ohio1
Assumed office on January 3, 2007
J. D. Vance
Senator from Ohio3
Assumed office on January 3, 2023

Sherrod Brown and J. D. Vance are the senators currently representing Ohio.

In the United States, senators are elected to 6-year terms with the terms for individual senators staggered.

The following chart shows elected senators in Ohio over time, excluding special elections, colored by their political party.

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US Representatives from Ohio

Ohio is currently represented by 15 members in the U.S. house.

Members of the House of Representives are elected to 2-year terms, and the following chart shows the how the members for Ohio have changed over time starting in 2008.

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Education

Awarded Degrees over Time

The graph shows the evolution of awarded degrees by degrees. Under the paragraphs, the average number of awarded degrees by university in each degree is shown.

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Educational Pyramid

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Measure

In 2022, 0.724% of men over 25 years of age had not completed any academic degree (no schooling), while 0.686% of women were in the same situation.

This visualization shows the gender distribution of the population according to the academic level reached.

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Educational Attainment

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Ohio.
Race

The most common educational levels obtained by the working population in 2022 were High School or Equivalent (3.05M), Some college (1.98M), and Bachelors Degree (1.63M).

This visualization illustrates the percentage distribution of the population according to the highest educational level reached. You can filter the data by race by using the selector above.

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Housing & Living

The median property value in Union County, OH was $282,900 in 2022, which is 1 times larger than the national average of $281,900. Between 2021 and 2022 the median property value increased from $242,400 to $282,900, a 16.7% increase. The homeownership rate in Union County, OH is 80.4%, which is approximately the same as the national average of 64.8%.

People in Union County, OH have an average commute time of 26.3 minutes, and they drove alone to work. Car ownership in Union County, OH is approximately the same as the national average, with an average of 2 cars per household.

Median household income in Union County, OH is $104,496. In 2022, the tract with the highest Median Household Income in Union County, OH was Census Tract 506.01 with a value of $211,542, followed by Census Tract 503.01 and Census Tract 503.03, with respective values of $117,917 and $117,518.

Property

$282,900
Median Property Value 2022
±$9,427
$18,209
Median Property Taxes
±$864

The following chart display owner-occupied housing units distributed between a series of property tax buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Union County, OH the largest share of households pay taxes in the $3k+ range.

The chart underneath the paragraph shows the property taxes in Union County, OH compared to it's parent and neighbor geographies.

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Rent vs Own

80.4%
Homeownership
2022
68.2%
Homeowners with Mortgage
2022

In 2022, 80.4% of the housing units in Union County, OH were occupied by their owner. This percentage declined from the previous year's rate of 81.2%.

This chart shows the percentage of owner in Union County, OH compared it's parent and neighboring geographies.

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Income by Location

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Race/Ethnicity
Highest Median Household Income (Total)
  1. Census Tract 506.01
  2. Census Tract 503.01
  3. Census Tract 503.03

In 2022, the tract with the highest Median Household Income (Total) in Union County, OH was Census Tract 506.01 with a value of $211,542, followed by Census Tract 503.01 and Census Tract 503.03, with respective values of $117,917 and $117,518.

The following map shows all of the tracts in Union County, OH colored by their Median Household Income (Total).

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Household Income

Please note that the buckets used in this visualization were not evenly distributed by ACS when publishing the data.
$104,496
Median Household Income
± $3,057
22.6k
Number of Households
± 1,101

In 2022, the median household income of the 22.6k households in Union County, OH grew to $104,496 from the previous year's value of $96,634.

The following chart displays the households in Union County, OH distributed between a series of income buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households have an income in the $200k+ range.

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Wage Distribution

The closest comparable wage GINI for Union County, OH is from Ohio.
0.456
2022 Wage GINI in Ohio
0.456
2021 Wage GINI in Ohio

In 2022, the income inequality in Ohio was 0.456 according to the GINI calculation of the wage distribution. Income inequality had a 0.0361% decline from 2021 to 2022, which means that wage distribution grew somewhat more even. The GINI for Ohio was lower than than the national average of 0.478. In other words, wages are distributed more evenly in Ohio in comparison to the national average.

This chart shows the number of workers in Ohio across various wage buckets compared to the national average.

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Commuter Transportation

Most Common Commute in 2022
  1. Drove Alone (74.2%)
  2. Worked At Home (18.5%)
  3. Carpooled (5.02%)

In 2022, 74.2% of workers in Union County, OH drove alone to work, followed by those who worked at home (18.5%) and those who carpooled to work (5.02%).

The following chart shows the number of households using each mode of transportation over time, using a logarithmic scale on the y-axis to help better show variations in the smaller means of commuting.

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Commute Time

26.3 minutes
Average Travel Time

Using averages, employees in Union County, OH have a shorter commute time (26.3 minutes) than the normal US worker (26.7 minutes). Additionally, 2.13% of the workforce in Union County, OH have "super commutes" in excess of 90 minutes.

The chart below shows how the median household income in Union County, OH compares to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Car Ownership

2 cars
Average Number

The following chart displays the households in Union County, OH distributed between a series of car ownership buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households in Union County, OH have 2 cars.

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Poverty & Diversity

5.17% of the population for whom poverty status is determined in Union County, OH (3.13k out of 60.5k people) live below the poverty line, a number that is lower than the national average of 12.5%. The largest demographic living in poverty are Females 18 - 24, followed by Females 25 - 34 and then Males 55 - 64.

The most common racial or ethnic group living below the poverty line in Union County, OH is White, followed by Two Or More and Hispanic.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Health

95.4% of the population of Union County, OH has health coverage, with 68.7% on employee plans, 6.25% on Medicaid, 10.8% on Medicare, 8.66% on non-group plans, and 0.95% on military or VA plans.

Primary care physicians in Union County, OH see 1903 patients per year on average, which represents a 11.2% decrease from the previous year (2142 patients). Compare this to dentists who see 2858 patients per year, and mental health providers who see 706 patients per year.

By gender, of the total number of insured persons, 50% were men and 50% were women.

Patient to Clinician Ratios

1,903 to 1
Patient to Primary Care Physician Ratio in Union County, OH

Primary care physicians in Union County, OH see an average of 1,903 patients per year. This represents a 11.2% decrease from the previous year (2,142 patients).

The following chart shows how the number of patients seen by primary care physicians has been changing over time in Union County, OH in comparison to its neighboring geographies.

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Health Care Diversity

In 2022, insured persons according to age ranges were distributed in 26.8% under 18 years, 18.4% between 18 and 34 years, 41.8% between 35 and 64 years, and 13% over 64 years.

By gender, of the total number of insured persons, 50% were men and 50% were women.

The following chart shows the number of people with health coverage by gender.

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Uninsured People

4.59%
Uninsured
68.7%
Employer Coverage
6.25%
Medicaid
10.8%
Medicare
8.66%
Non-Group
0.95%
Military or VA

Between 2021 and 2022, the percent of uninsured citizens in Union County, OH declined by 2.2% from 4.69% to 4.59%.

The following chart shows how the percent of uninsured individuals in Union County, OH changed over time compared with the percent of individuals enrolled in various types of health insurance.

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Health Outcomes

Indicator

In 2022, the number of deaths among residents under age 18 per 100,000 population was 46.9 in Union County, OH.

The graphic shows the trend of the indicator in Union County, OH.

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Health Behaviors

Indicator

In 2022, the percentage of the adult population (age 18 and older) that reports a body mass index (BMI) greater than or equal to 30 kg/m2 (age-adjusted) was 35.2% in Union County, OH.

The graphic shows the trend of the indicator in Union County, OH.

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Clinical Care

Indicator

In 2022, the percentage of population under age 65 without health insurance was 5.83% in Union County, OH.

The graphic shows the trend of the indicator in Union County, OH.

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